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INSTITUTE OF PHYSIOLOGY CAS

Cutting-edge science for health

Laboratory of Translational Metabolism

Laboratory of Translational Metabolism Translational metabolism: Bridging the gap between research and medicine in metabolism

Our research involves applying mass spectrometry-based techniques to perform metabolomic and proteomic analysis of various biological samples. We develop and use liquid chromatography and capillary electrophoresis–mass spectrometry-based (LC–MS, CE–MS) methods for in-depth characterization and quantification of complex lipids (lipidome), polar metabolites (metabolome), various exogenous compounds such as food components and drugs (exposome), and proteins (proteome). We also focus on improving data processing, automated data curation, statistical methods, and visualization of omics data.

We have successfully integrated LC–MS methods for targeted and untargeted analysis of lipids, polar metabolites, and exposome compounds (LIMeX) for diverse sample types and used them for studies focused on cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, lipogenesis, circadian rhythms, and drug adherence.

We have also investigated the proteome of human teeth and saliva, their link to tooth decay as well as proteins to tissue architecture at clubfoot and pulmonary hypertension. Posttranslational modifications of proteins are studied in connection to aging and disease of organism.

PhD Program 2021 - Call for Applications

1. Mass spectrometry-based metabolomics of biological systems

Untargeted metabolomics methods focus on the analysis of all the detectable metabolites in a sample, including chemical unknowns. Liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (LC-MS) is the preferred technique in metabolomics permitting effective compound separations and detection. However, up to 80% of all detected signals from untargeted profiling represent unknown metabolites. Such a big obstacle in biomedical and biological research hinders meaningful biochemical and pathway interpretations. The PhD project aims to focus on (i) increasing the coverage of spectral libraries used for metabolite annotation, (ii) applying programs for the prediction of ‘unknown’ metabolites, and (iii) using bioinformatics tools for visualization and interpretation of the data obtained within metabolomics studies (e.g., type 2 diabetes, circadian rhythms). The work will be conducted at the Institute of Physiology CAS and financially supported by various grants (GACR, MSMT, AZV).

Supervisor: T. Čajka (tomas.cajka@fgu.cas.cz)

2. Liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry for metabolomics and lipidomics studies 

Over the last decade, mass spectrometry-based metabolomics and lipidomics have become key disciplines for the comprehensive profiling of polar metabolites and complex lipids in biological systems. Liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (LC–MS) is the preferred technique in metabolomics and lipidomics permitting effective compound separations and detection. However, there is still a lack of sufficient data on the metabolome and lipidome characterizing biofluids (i.e., plasma, serum, urine) and tissues, which can be easily accessible and reused at any time for future studies. The PhD project aims to focus on (i) merging targeted and untargeted metabolomics and lipidomics methods, (ii) standardization of methods, and (iii) extending the breadth and scope of methods for metabolomics and lipidomics studies (e.g., type 2 diabetes, circadian rhythms). The work will be conducted at the Institute of Physiology CAS and financially supported by various grants (GACR, MSMT, AZV).

Supervisor: T. Čajka (tomas.cajka@fgu.cas.cz)

 

Main topics

  • Simple, fast, and robust protocols for metabolomics and proteomics projects
  • Processing, curation, statistical analysis, and visualization of metabolomics data
  • New separation methods (LC–MS, capillary electromigration techniques incl. CE–MS) for physiological research
  • Metabolomics for studying circadian rhythms
  • Metabolomics and proteomics for discovering new biomarkers of human health
  • Predictive role of proteomic composition of teeth and saliva in the etiology of tooth decay
  • Analysis of extracellular matrix disorders: from proteins to tissue architecture at idiopathic pes equinovarus
  • Mechanisms of pulmonary arterial wall remodeling during pulmonary hypertension development
  • Posttranslational modifications of proteins during aging and disease (e.g. diabetes mellitus)

Projects

Hydrogen-deuterium exchange mass spectrometry (HDX-MS) to identify unknown metabolites detected by untargeted metabolomics (21-00477S)

  • PI: T. Cajka, Laboratory of Translational Metabolism

Identification of factors influencing adherence to pharmacotherapy in patients with type 2 diabetes using untargeted metabolomics (ENIGMA) (NU20-01-00186)

  • PI: T. Cajka, Laboratory of Translational Metabolism

Metabolomics 2.0: Comprehensive analytical methods and bioinformatics tools for the study of circadian rhythms (LTAUSA19124)

  • PI: T. Cajka, Laboratory of Translational Metabolism

Mapping of the rat circadian metabolome in brain and peripheral tissues during embryonic to postnatal development (20-21114S)

  • PI: T. Cajka, Laboratory of Translational Metabolism

Role of adipose tissue metabolism in propensity to obesity: UCP1-independent mechanisms (19-02411S)

  • Team member: T. Cajka, Laboratory of Translational Metabolism
  • PI: J. Kopecky, Laboratory of Adipose Tissue Biology

The role of epicardial fat, subclinical inflammation and novel lipid signalling molecules in the onset and development of heart failure (NV19-02-00118)

  • Team member: T. Cajka, Laboratory of Translational Metabolism
  • PI: M. Haluzik, Institute of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Prague; co-PI: O. Kuda, Laboratory of Metabolism of Bioactive Lipids

Changes of transcriptome during early postnatal development in humans: impact of premature birth on control of energy metabolism (NU20-07-00026)

  • Team member: T. Cajka, Laboratory of Translational Metabolism
  • PI: J. Kopecky, Laboratory of Adipose Tissue Biology

Bone marrow adipose tissue (BMAT) as a novel adipose depot in the regulation of the whole body metabolism and bone homeostasis (20-03899S)

  • Team member: T. Cajka, Laboratory of Translational Metabolism
  • PI: M. Tencerova, Laboratory of Molecular Physiology of Bone

Studying metabolic flexibility of bone marrow adipose tissue in obesity (EFSD/Novo Nordisk Foundation Future Leaders Award)

  • Team member: T. Cajka, Laboratory of Translational Metabolism
  • PI: M. Tencerova, Laboratory of Molecular Physiology of Bone

Affinity capillary electrokinetic methods for selective analysis of biopolymers and metabolites and for study of their interactions (20-03899S)

  • co-PI: I. Miksik, Laboratory of Translational Metabolism
  • PI: V. Kašička, Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry of the CAS, Prague

Bioartificial cardiovascular patches and vessels from porcine collagen reinforced with nano/microfibers using stem cells and dynamic culture (NV19-02-00068)

  • Team member: A. Eckhardt, Laboratory of Translational Metabolism
  • PI: J. Pirk, Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Prague

Projects

Achievements

The Power List 2018 -- The Fab Forty

Assoc. Prof. Tomas Cajka has been ranked among 40 best scientists under 40 years in analytical chemistry. The ranking of the 40 most successful scientists was published in the October issue of The Analytical Scientist. More

The Best Poster Award

Dr. Tomáš Novotný was awarded “The Lester Lowe Award” at the 40th World Orthopaedic Congerss, Muscat, Oman (2019, organizer: SICOT) for the poster “Histological comparison of clubfoot deformity and Dupuytren's disease fibroproliferation”. More

Publications

Ujčíková; Hana - Hejnová; L. - Eckhardt; Adam - Roubalová; Lenka - Novotný; J. - Svoboda; Petr . Impact of three-month morphine withdrawal on rat brain cortex; hippocampus; striatum and cerebellum: proteomic and phosphoproteomic studies . Neurochemistry International. 2021; 144(Mar)); 104975 . IF = 3.921 [ASEP] [ doi ]
Sistilli; Gabriella - Kalendová; Veronika - Čajka; Tomáš - Irodenko; Ilaria - Bardová; Kristina - Oseeva; Marina - Žáček; P. - Kroupová; Petra - Horáková; Olga - Lackner; K. - Gastaldelli; A. - Kuda; Ondřej - Kopecký; Jan - Rossmeisl; Martin . Krill Oil Supplementation Reduces Exacerbated Hepatic Steatosis Induced by Thermoneutral Housing in Mice with Diet-Induced Obesity . Nutrients. 2021; 13(2)); 437 . IF = 5.717 [ASEP] [ doi ]
Novotný; T. - Eckhardt; Adam . Response to: "Quantity;" "Quality" and "Distribution Pattern" of Neo Vascular System: Is it the Time to Come Back to Aristotle Categories? . Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics. 2021; 41(2); E199-E200 . IF = 2.324 [ASEP] [ doi ]
Morvan; Marine - Mikšík; Ivan . Recent Advances in Chiral Analysis of Proteins and Peptides . Separations. 2021; 8(8)); 112 . IF = 2.777 [ASEP] [ doi ]
Filová; Elena - Steinerová; Marie - Trávníčková; Martina - Knitlová; Jarmila - Musílková; Jana - Eckhardt; Adam - Hadraba; Daniel - Matějka; Roman - Pražák; Šimon - Štěpanovská; Jana - Kučerová; Johanka - Riedel; Tomáš - Brynda; Eduard - Lodererová; A. - Honsová; E. - Pirk; J. - Koňařík; M. - Bačáková; Lucie . Accelerated in vitro recellularization of decellularized porcine pericardium for cardiovascular grafts . Biomedical Materials. 2021; 16(2)); 025024 . IF = 3.715 [ASEP] [ doi ]
Brejchová; Kristýna - Radner; F. P. W. - Balas; L. - Palůchová; Veronika - Čajka; Tomáš - Chodounská; Hana - Kudová; Eva - Schratter; M. - Schreiber; R. - Durand; T. - Zechner; R. - Kuda; Ondřej . Distinct roles of adipose triglyceride lipase and hormone-sensitive lipase in the catabolism of triacylglycerol estolides . Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2021; 118(2)); e2020999118 . IF = 11.205 [ASEP] [ doi ]
Vošahlíková; Miroslava - Roubalová; Lenka - Cechová; Kristína - Kaufman; Jonáš - Musil; Stanislav - Mikšík; Ivan - Alda; M. - Svoboda; Petr . Na+/K+-ATPase and lipid peroxidation in forebrain cortex and hippocampus of sleep-deprived rats treated with therapeutic lithium concentration for different periods of time . Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry. 2020; 102(Aug 30)); 109953 . IF = 5.067 [ASEP] [ doi ]
Vajrychová; M. - Stráník; J. - Pimková; K. - Barman; M. - Kukla; R. - Zedníková; Petra - Bolehovská; R. - Plíšková; L. - Hornychová; H. - Andrýs; C. - Tambor; V. - Lenčo; J. - Jacobsson; B. - Kacerovský; M. Comprehensive proteomic investigation of infectious and inflammatory changes in late preterm prelabour rupture of membranes . Scientific Reports. 2020; 10(1)); 17696 . IF = 4.379 [ASEP] [ doi ]
Ujčíková; Hana - Cechová; Kristína - Jágr; Michal - Roubalová; Lenka - Vošahlíková; Miroslava - Svoboda; Petr . Proteomic analysis of protein composition of rat hippocampus exposed to morphine for 10 days; comparison with animals after 20 days of morphine withdrawal . PLoS ONE. 2020; 15(4)); e0231721 . IF = 3.240 [ASEP] [ doi ]
Tsugawa; H. - Ikeda; K. - Takahashi; M. - Satoh; A. - Mori; Y. - Uchino; H. - Okahashi; N. - Yamada; Y. - Tada; I. - Bonini; P. - Higashi; Y. - Okazaki; Y. - Zhou; Z. - Zhu; Z.-J. - Koelmel; J. - Čajka; Tomáš - Fiehn; O. - Saito; K. - Arita; Mas. - Arita; Mak. A lipidome atlas in MS-DIAL 4 . Nature Biotechnology. 2020; 38(10); 1159-1163 . IF = 54.908 [ASEP] [ doi ]

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People

doc. Ing. Tomáš Čajka, Ph.D.

Head of the Laboratory

Mgr. Adam Eckhardt, Ph.D.

Deputy Head of the Laboratory

prof. Ing. Ivan Mikšík, DrSc.

Senior Researcher

Ing. Jana Svobodová, Ph.D.

Senior Researcher

Mgr. Lucie Rudl Kulhavá, Ph.D.

Postdoctoral Fellow

Ing. Stanislava Rakušanová

PhD Student

MSc. Marine Morvan

PhD Student

Mgr. Armenuhi Kirakosjanová

Technician